PCOD/PCOS which is the abbreviation of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or Disease is a condition or set of signs and symptoms which are caused due to hormonal imbalance in females. PCOD leads to the formation of cysts in the ovaries. Here, the amount of Androgen (male hormone like Testosterone) in the female body increases which is more than its normal or optimal value.
PCOD is not only seen in women but also in girls who are of a very young age. PCOD may also be due to genetics. If you belong in a family that has females with a history of PCOD, then that might explain yours as well.
WHAT CAN PCOD DO TO YOU?
PCOD is a very common cause of irregular menstrual cycle. Many women are faced with delayed menstrual cycle or its absence for many months. The disease takes a toll on the female’s body, causing them to gain weight. This is accompanied in many cases with facial hair growth and skin breakout causing acne. Hair fall is also a prominent case.
Pelvic pain is a common symptom in PCOD. Sometimes, women having periods also experience abnormal bleeding.
Also, PCOD is responsible for infertility in women. There are high risks during pregnancy. Miscarriages and other complications like gestational diabetes and premature delivery in females having PCOD are quiet often seen.
So, what can be done to treat this disease? Usually, treatments are provided for the symptoms faced by the patient. There are also many lifestyle changes that one must make which would prove helpful.
Good nutrition does wonders to the body. In this case, females should avoid junk food, food containing high amount of sugars, fats and oil. Eat healthy meals consisting of rich sources of proteins, vitamins and fibre.
One of the causes that lead to PCOD is obesity. Along with nutritious diet, a consistent exercising routine is extremely necessary to keep the body active and fit.
3. Birth-control pills:
These are given to women who do not wish get pregnant in the near future. These are helpful in reducing the excess levels of androgen.
4. Fertility drugs:
Females who face difficulties with getting pregnant are suggested ovulation inducing drugs. The common ones are Metformin and Myoinositol.
(IVF is also a good option that can be opted for, when the chances of getting pregnant are slim)
Operative Laparoscopy is commonly used by surgeons. However, this must be only carried out when the patient has large ovaries and is unable to respond to medical therapy.
6. Love yourself:
Wondering why this? Well, PCOD is not only a disease that affects you physically but it is mentally challenging. Many women find themselves in the middle of a mental breakdown with no one to talk about their problems. It’s also sad to say that not many women themselves understand the dilemma faced by others out there who are suffering.
During this phase, women lose their self-confidence and ability to love themselves. Hence they often experience anxiety and depression.
Remember to take care and always love yourselves no matter what! After all, women are much stronger than they think they are!
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